Backyard composting – a beginner’s guide

Discovering the secrets of composting at home


Circular Economy

In our quest for sustainability and environmental awareness, home composting is emerging as a powerful tool. Not only does it reduce waste, but it also establishes a connection with nature and provides the opportunity to cultivate healthier gardens.

Understanding Composting: Natural Recycling

Composting, at its core, is nature’s natural recycling mechanism. It uses the power of microorganisms to break down organic matter into rich, nutritious soil, known as compost. This process, called decomposition, takes place under controlled aerobic conditions, where oxygen and moisture play a key role.

At home, composting starts with collecting kitchen scraps, such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and eggshells, along with yard waste such as leaves, grass clippings and twigs. These materials provide the necessary balance of carbon and nitrogen for the composting process.


Why composting at home?

The benefits of composting at home are numerous. By diverting organic waste from landfills, we reduce methane emissions and lighten the burden on the waste management system. In addition, composting enriches soil health, improves plant growth and reduces the need for chemical fertilizers, thereby promoting sustainable gardening practices.

 Separate collection of organic waste and composting also reduces the need for frequent emptying of the trash can, because organic waste makes up about 40% of the total waste generated in the household.

Options for composting at home

There are several methods for composting at home, each suited to different preferences and space limitations:

Backyard Composting: Ideal for those with ample outdoor space, backyard composting involves creating a compost pile or bin in the yard.

Vermicomposting (Worm Composting): Suitable for city dwellers or those with limited space, vermicomposting uses worms to speed up the decomposition process in a closed environment. Read the interview of Miljan Grba, worms composter in Podgorica.

Composting with Bokashi Microorganisms: Suitable for those who compost at home. (More information on EM technologies here).

Community composting: For people without space or resources, community composting programs offer a collaborative solution, where residents can contribute their organic waste to centralized composting facilities.

Download the Complete Guide to Composting at Home!

Infographic Circular Economy

The story of preserving nature, reducing the amount of waste disposed of in landfills continues.

As a continuation of the “KompostirajDG” project, the NGO Zero Waste Montenegro invites citizens of the municipalities of Danilovgrad and Tuzi to apply for the allocation of composting equipment – a bucket and a liquid preparation with effective microorganisms – “Eko EM Plus” for composting/recycling food scraps and other organic waste created in the household.

All interested citizens who live in the territories of the municipalities of Danilovgrad and Tuzi have the right to apply by invitation.

Unlike the first phase of the project, which is implemented by the KOD organization, the Volim Danilovgrad portal and Effective Microorganisms Montenegro, the second phase will use a 9 liter bucket with a carbon filter to dispose of food waste in the kitchen with “Bokashi liquid with effective microorganisms – Eco EM plus”

Video Tutorial


Ultimately, home composting represents a harmonious relationship with nature, where waste becomes a valuable resource for nurturing soil health and promoting sustainable living. By adopting composting practices and integrating microorganisms like those in the Bokashi method, individuals can play a key role in reducing waste, conserving resources and developing thriving ecosystems in their backyards. Let’s embark together on this journey towards a greener future.


Note: For detailed instructions and troubleshooting tips regarding composting and the Bokashi method, see our guide and resources available on our website.